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Version: 7.6.0

Picture-in-Picture (PiP)

Overview

The Picture-in-Picture feature allows you to watch a stream in a floating window that is always on top of other apps or windows.

Transitioning the player to a PiP window can be done in two ways:

  • Explicitly, using the player API
  • Automatically, when transitioning to background in mobile apps.

This page describes how to configure PiP with react-native-theoplayer.

Configuration

Transitioning to PiP automatically

The pipConfiguration property that is set on the player instance allows native mobile apps on iOS and Android to automatically transition into PiP presentation mode when the app goes to the background. The property can be changed at run-time, allowing to change the behaviour depending on the active media asset.

player.pipConfiguration = { startsAutomatically: true }

Using presentationMode

The picture-in-picture presentation mode can also be triggered explicitly using the THEOplayer API:

// Change presentation mode (inline, fullscreen or pip).
player.presentationMode = PresentationMode.pip;

Listening for presentationMode changes

Each time the player transitions from one presentationMode to another, either automatically or manually through the API, the player dispatches a presentationmodechange event that can be used to update the user-interface.

player.addEventListener(
PlayerEventType.PRESENTATIONMODE_CHANGE,
(event: PresentationModeChangeEvent) => {
const newPresentationMode = event.presentationMode;
}
);

Additional configuration is necessary depending on the platform the app runs on.

Android

Picture-in-picture support for Android was added in Android 8.0 (API level 26).

A react-native app on Android is typically a single-activity application. Launching picture-in-picture mode means the whole activity transitions to an out-of-app PiP window.

Enabling PiP support

To enable PiP support, make sure to set android:supportsPictureInPicture=true in the app's manifest, and specify that the activity handles layout configuration changes so that it does not relaunch when layout changes occur during PiP mode transitions.

<activity
android:name=".MainActivity"
android:configChanges="screenSize|smallestScreenSize|screenLayout|orientation"
android:supportsPictureInPicture="true">
</activity>

Also, add these methods to the MainActivity to let react-native know when the app makes PiP, background and foreground transitions:

public override fun onUserLeaveHint() {
// Notify the app is backgrounded in case the user taps home or back, and
// the app needs to transition to PiP automatically.
this.sendBroadcast(Intent("onUserLeaveHint"))
super.onUserLeaveHint()
}

override fun onPictureInPictureModeChanged(
isInPictureInPictureMode: Boolean,
newConfig: Configuration
) {
// Notify that the app is changing its picture-in-picture mode.
super.onPictureInPictureModeChanged(isInPictureInPictureMode, newConfig)
val intent = Intent("onPictureInPictureModeChanged")
intent.putExtra("isInPictureInPictureMode", isInPictureInPictureMode)
this.sendBroadcast(intent)
}

PiP controls

The PiP window will show the default controls to configure, maximize and close the PiP window. In addition, the active media session enables a play/pause toggle button and (disabled) play-list navigator buttons.

pip1pip2pip3

User interface

As mentioned before, when choosing picture-in-picture presentation mode on Android the whole activity moves to the PiP window, including the react-native UI that potentially lies on top. For this reason it is necessary to disable the UI on Android in PiP mode, as opposed to iOS and web where the video view is separated from the rest

More information on Android PiP support can be found on the Android developer pages.

iOS

No additional configuration is required to support picture-in-picture on iOS.

Web

On web the behavior is similar to iOS, where PiP can be started manually from the UI. It will open up a floating PiP window displaying the video element.